Pipe Bending
Pipe Bending

In profile pipe and tube bending terminology, elbow types are often referred to and referenced by their respective elbow radii.

Custom pipe bends are usually any type of profile pipe bend that does not meet standard short or long radius bends at 45, 90, and 180 degree standard bends.

Custom profile pipe bends are not anything with standard 1D to 5D centerline bend radii with standard bends. Learn why you need to discuss the process used to make these bends—mandrel pipe bends or rotational stretch bends. Rotary stretch bending machines require a complete set of molds to successfully bend in the standard 1D to 5D range. This includes forward clamps, bending dies, mandrels, wiper dies, and push-assist dies. This set of tools is dedicated to specific pipe diameters and specific centerline radii. Designating these 1D to 5D bends as standard bends allows engineers to specify radii across a variety of pipe diameters while still being able to obtain parts at a reasonable cost in a reasonable amount of time.

Bends of 1.5D and above are considered long radius bends. A 2D bend on a 6-inch pipe will have a 12-inch centerline radius. This will be called a long radius bend, and it includes 2D to 5D bends (including 5D bends), or the centerline radius is 5 times the respective diameter of the pipe. The standard rotations of these standard bending specifications all roll on a single plane with a simple horizontal plane geometry.

For standard pipe bending, this can be done by comparing the bending radius with the diameter of the pipe to be bent. 1D, 2D, and 3D bends are commonly referred to as short-radius bends and long-radius bends; according to the 1D, 2D, and 3D specifications, the centerline radius of the bend is referred to as the multiplier for the corresponding diameter of the pipe. 1D is the centerline bending radius, which is twice the diameter of the pipe. This means that a 1D bend on a 6-inch pipe will be a 6-inch centerline radius. Short radius bends are designated as one-dimensional bends.

You can specify custom pipe bends on any radius, and it is more complicated because some parts require multiple bends in a single part. This is often called a spool. A spool is a length of prefabricated pipe. The number of bends is fixed in a certain length of pipe, the geometry of the bend is determined, and the pipe flange is fixed at both ends, so that it is ready to be bolted in place during installation. The spool can contain as many elbows as the part manufacturer / manufacturer allows or can accommodate. Many times, these types of custom pipe bends are called 3D bends because the plane of the bend changes as the bend changes, requiring forward and reverse rotation between bends

Important link

List of our products:profile bending machine
Must know section bending information:practical guide to the section bending of various metal profiles

Under this subtitle, we provide detailed information on three series of profile bending machines. You can click on the specific model to read more detailed machine information and some related stories about the machine.

hydraulic profile bending machine


Driven by hydraulic motor (up to 9), powerful bending ability.
Standard machine section modulus: 16CM3-600CM3. It can bend copper, carbon steel, stainless steel and aluminum profiles.
Angle, channel, beam, flat bar, round & square bar,pipe,square tube.

aluminum profile bending machine

CNC Aluminum Profile Bending Machine

Servo motor drive. Photoelectric positioning, CNC control. Accuracy is as high as ≤0.01mm.
Suitable for difficult variable-curvature arc aluminum bending processing.Suitable for bending of aluminum profiles for automobiles, doors and windowsSuitable for bending of aluminum profiles for automobiles, doors and windows

Section Bender


Small section bender (section bending machine), with manual and semi-hydraulic drives, can bend profiles other than beam.
Cheap price, first choice for small factories

profile bending machine


Select the items you want to follow based on the subtitles below.
Next, you will find relevant information, including the processing capabilities of different profile bending machines manufactured by BIT related to the project you care about.